ORID is an acronym for Objective, Reflective, Interpretational and Decisional. It’s a thinking framework that enables a focused conversation in order to reach some point of agreement or clarify differences.

What’s ORID?

It was developed by the Institute of Cultural Affairs (ICA) in Canada and involves a facilitator asking people four levels of questioning with each level building on previous levels. Through four levels of step-by-step questions, the respondent is guided to think deeply about the appearance of things and finally make behavioral decisions.

  • (O)bjective: what do we know? (Facts)
  • (R)eflective: how does it make us feel? (Feeling)
  • (I)nterpretive: what does it mean for us? (Thinking)
  • (D)ecisional: what are we going to do? (Decision)

Furthermore, ORID, also known as the Ring of Awareness, is a classic personal review model that is very practical in personal review and work summary, and helps individuals grow faster and escape from a state of confusion.

How to use it?

Here is an example for you to quickly grab it well.

  • O: One day I met a vicious dog on the way home.
  • R: I feel very scared, worried that I will be bitten.
  • I: Should I go through hard or take a detour?
  • D: In the end I decided to take a detour.


Although ORID originated from artistic conversation, it has the same underlying thinking logic as many other well-known learning frameworks.

  • Experiential learning from David Kolb
    • Experiencing
    • Reflecting
    • Thinking
    • Acting
  • The classic communication model from Nonviolent Communication (NVC)
    • Observations
    • Feelings
    • Needs
    • Requests
  • 4F review for study
    • Facts
    • Feeling
    • Finding
    • Future